Test б Завдання 1 прочитайте статтю про історію сноуборду. Дайте відповіді на запитання (1-10) після тексту, оформивши відповідь не більш ніж п’ятьма словами. Приклад наведено нижче



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Unit 6

Reading


TEST б

Завдання 6.1 прочитайте статтю про історію сноуборду. Дайте відповіді на запитання (1-10) після тексту, оформивши відповідь не більш ніж п’ятьма словами. Приклад наведено нижче.

The History of Snowboards

The first snowboards were made in the 1960s. However, it was in the late 70s that they became more popular. Throughout the 80s, more and more people began taking up the sport, even though snowboards were not allowed on most ski hills.. Despite its earlier setbacks, snowboarding is now the worlds fastest growing winter sport and most resorts welcome snowboards.

In 1963, a Grade 8 student named Tom Sims designed a skiboard for a school project in New Jersey. Then, in 1966, a man named Sherman Poppen attached two skis together for his kids on Christmas day. He called his invention "the Snurfer," which combines the words "snow" and "surf." In 1969, Jake Burton Carpenter received a snurfer for Christmas. He soon began designing boards, and today "Burton" is a popular brand of snowboard.

By the 1980s, snowboarding had become very popular. However, most ski resorts did not allow snowboarding because they thought it was too dangerous. Since many snowboarders were young, many • . older skiers did not want them on the ski hills. The snowboarders had to go to the backcountry, away from patrolled resorts.

Rejection at the resorts did not stop.snowboarding from growing in popularity. Eventually, the owners of ski resorts changed their views. They realized that they could make more money by allowing snowboarding. One by one, the resorts began to welcome snowboards. Today, many resorts even set aside special areas where snowboarders can practice their creative tricks. In 1998, snowboarding became one of the sports in the Winter Olympics.

Snowboarding has come a long way in the last 40 years. Winter resorts now welcome the sport they once turned away. Each year, this exciting winter sport becomes more and more popular.



  1. When did snowboards first become more popular? in the late 70s

  2. What is the status of snowboarding in the world winter sports nowadays despite its earlier setbacks?

  3. When were snowboards not allowed on most ski hills?

  4. What was the purpose of Tom Sim's designing a skiboard?

  5. What did Sherman Poppen do for his kids?

  6. What is a popular brand of snowboards? "

  7. Where did snowboarders have to go to ski instead of resorts?

  8. What was the reason snowboarding was rejected by most ski resorts?

  9. What did owners of ski resorts eventually realize about the snowboarding?

  10. What have many resorts set nowadays for snowboarders? : ;

  11. When did snowboarding become an Olympic sport?

Score: 10 noints

Завдання 6.2 Прочитайте газетну статтю про те, які речі беруть з собою люди, коли подорожують. Знайдіть співвідношення назви речі (у списку) з відповідною частиною тексту, в якій про неї говориться. Впишіть відповідь у відповідні клітинки. Речей наведено на одну більше, тож її використовувати не треба. На початку наведено приклад – 0.

Necessary Things

  1. Patrick Lichfield — the photographer, never goes far without the Olympus Pearlcorder dictating machine which lets him catch up with his correspondence wherever he is: The tiny tapes are either posted to his secretary, Felicity, or he gives them to someone to bring back. The quality is very good but there are often some interesting background noises.

  2. Mel Caiman — the cartoonist, jokes about filling his suitcase with tranquillisers and three different kinds of toothbrushes after recent, expensive dental treatment, but it is his diary and sketch-book that are always with him when he is on the move. "I don't keep a diary except when I'm away. I start a new one each trip now since I lost irreplaceable notes on two previous trips on a bus in the States."

  3. Richard Branson — who recently launched Virgin Atlantic Airways, believes in travelling light. "Suntan lotion for my nose and my notebooks which are my lifeline. But I will always sling in a pack of cards. I love a game of cards, particularly bridge, canasta or spades, but I'm not a gambler."

  4. Barry Norman — the film critic, never travels anywhere without his credit card. The days of anyone being stranded abroad are now over. "I remember once, before credit cards were common, the Daily Mail sent me to Italy at a moment's notice. It was a bank holiday, I had no money and the banks were shut. There I was in Milan on a beautiful sunny day sitting in my hotel because it was the only place I could eat or drink because I could sign for it.".

  5. Frank Muir — the TV scriptwriter and humorist, never sets off on a journey without packing his Swiss army penknife, "It does everything," he says. "It has about HO things that come out. It opens bottles, gets things out of horses' hooves, it has scissors, screwdrivers, tweezers. I never go anywhere without it and I have never used it."

A army penknife

В sketch-book

C Swiss suntan lotion

D credit card

E a pack of cards

F dictating machine

G large tapes

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Завдання 6.3 Прочитайте газетну статтю про нові дорожні правила для підлітків. Оберіть кращій заголовок зі списку для кожної частини тексту і впишіть відповідні літери у клітинки. Заголовків наведено на дів більше, ніж частин тексту, тож два заголовки не підходять до жодної з частин тексту. На початку наведено приклад – 0.

New Driving Laws for Teens


  1. There are new laws for teenage drivers. Some parents do not know about these new laws. It is very important that everyone learns about and understands these new laws.

  2. A teenage girl died in a car crash. She was a passenger in a car. The driver of the car was 16 years old. There were two other passengers in the car who were also hurt.

  3. The accident reminded some people of how important the new laws are for teenage drivers. The laws were written to hopefully save lives. Maybe the teenage girl would still be alive if the law was followed.

  4. The new law states that teen drivers cannot have passengers in their car who are under the age of 20 unless there is another licensed driver over the age of 25 in the. car too. The law also states that teenagers cannot drive between the hours of 11 p.m. arid 5 a.m. These laws need to be followed for the first year that a teen driver has his license. ..-.

  5. Some students said that they know about the laws but do not obey them. They want to drive with their friends. Some teenagers are breaking the law by driving with friends in their cars.

  6. There are some exceptions to the new driving laws. Teens can drive their brothers and sisters to school. They can also drive during off-limits hours because of work or medical reasons. They need to keep a note in their car stating why they need to drive.

  7. Many more teenagers die in car crashes than adults. New laws were made to help keep young drivers safer. If the laws are going to work, they will need to be followed.

A Breaking the new laws by teenagers

В Importance of new laws for teenage drivers

C Exceptions to the new driving laws

D Prohibition to drive during the day

E The necessity to know the new driving laws

F The laws for the first year drivers

G The new laws for adult drivers

H The death of a girl in a car crash

I The reason of following the laws

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Завдання 6.4 Прочитайте статтю про проблеми, пов’язані з утилізацією сміття. Деяких частин тексту бракує. Оберіть зі списку найкраще доповнення до пропусків у тексті. Наведено на одне більше доповнення, яке не треба використовувати. На початку наведено приклад – 0.

Reasons for Recycling and Composting Garbage

When you throw something in the garbage, it does not simply disappear. It may go on a long journey


to a transfer station, a landfill site or an incinerator. Since it is difficult and expensive to dispose of
garbage at landfill sites and incinerators, the government and other organizations (0) .

Garbage from homes is picked up and taken to the nearest transfer station (1) where it

should go. If the garbage goes to a landfill site, it is spread out on the ground and carefully buried. If the garbage goes to an incinerator, it is burned. The problem with these methods of garbage disposal is that they cost money, take up land and cause pollution.

One solution to the problem of solid waste disposal is recycling. Some examples of things (2)

are glass jars, tin cans, office paper and newspaper. People can recycle used products (3) or by

taking them to the recycling depot. The recycled goods are melted down (4) such as carpets,

drainpipes, park benches and garden hoses.

Another solution to the problem of solid waste disposal is composting. Some examples of things that can be composted are lawn clippings, apple cores, orange peels and vegetable rinds. People can

compost these food products by placing them in a special outdoor container (5) called compost.

Compost, which contains plant nutrients, can be spread in the garden to help other plants grow.

Recycling anЈ composting (6) being buried or burned. These methods show people a new

way of looking at garbage: many things people throw away can actually be used again.

A where waste disposal employees decide

В when many prominent genetics consider

C where they decompose into a dark, thick, dirt-like substance

D by putting them in the "blue box" on garbage collection day

E are two ways of reducing the amount of solid waste

F to be used for products ". - ■

G are encouraging people to recycle and compost their garbage

H that can be recycled



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Завдання 6.5 Прочитайте інтерв’ю з молодим актором Денієлом Редкліфом стосовно ролі Гарі Поттера. Запитання журналіста переплутані. Знайдіть співвідношення запитань і відповідей. Відповідей на одне більше, тож одне запитання залишиться без відповіді. На початку наведено приклад – 0.

A Which scenes did you like filming most?

В Is it true you've been working out because the owls are so heavy?

C What are the best and worst things about being so famous?

D How has life changed for you since you entered the world of "Harry Potter"?

E What was it like working with Kenneth Branagh?

F What are your relations with other young actors who play together with you?

G Did you have nightmares after watching the film?

H What was it like working with Dobby?

I Are you like your character?

J What were the most challenging scenes for you? - .

K How did you like the action scenes in "Chamber of Secrets"?

L Has working on the films affected your schoolwork?

■•

Daniel Radcliffe about his Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets



  1. My life has changed surprisingly little. Obviously I'm recognised sometimes and people come up to me on the street, but that's really fun and cool because they just want to taik about the film and they're really enthusiastic about it. It's great to hear what they have to say.

  2. I've just started at a new school, and I've caught up with all of the other kids. On set I actually did better with one-to-one tutoring than in a class of people, so I've settled in really well.

  3. We are similar, in a way, because Harry's friends are very important to him, and my friends are very important to me. -We also both get in trouble quite a lot. As I keep reading the books, I keep discovering more stuff about Harry that I have in common with him. I think we're both very curious — sometimes too much so, and that maybe gets us into trouble.

  4. Probably one of the best is seeing the finished product on the film. Everybody's worked on it for 11 months or so, and to see all the work that everybody on set has put into it, put together something as great as this film, is really great to see. And so far I haven't experienced a worst bit.

  5. The action scenes for me were so much fun. In the scene when I'm hanging out of the car window, that was actually me, I was hanging 25-30ft up in the air, and it was just really cool. I do as many of the stunts as possible, although obviously there are some I can't do.

  6. I loved filming the duelling scene, I thought that was really brilliant, because you've got the confrontation between Snape and Gilderoy Lockhart — who are totally different characters. I also loved the scenes where there were loads of people around, I love the crowd scenes.

  7. Probably one of the most challenging scenes was the Parseltongue scene, because it was a completely different language [Harry speaks to snakes in their own language] and it was hard to get a hold on at first. I got used to it in the end.

  8. It's intimidating when you're first about to meet him, because he's this unbelievable Shakespearean actor. But then you actually meet him and he's one of the nicest guys I've ever met. It's an honour to work with him.

  9. Kind of. I have been exercising a lot more, but hot just for the owls. I've had to do more physical training for the film to do the climbing and the sword-fighting sequences.

  10. It was kind of hard knowing what kind of facial expression an orange ball is making. There were digital effects on the first film, but none were as animated as Dobby is, so it was quite hard work. But I think most of the credit goes to Chris Columbus and everybody who worked on the film, for making it so easy for me.

  11. I was fine with it, I liked it, I liked the fact it was a darker, more edgy film. If you take away the darkness that's in the book, then you haven't done it justice when you've adapted it.



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Grammar

THE PREPOSITION

(ПРИЙМЕННИК)

Прийменник – це службове слово, яке виражає різні відношення між словами в реченні чи словосполученні.

В українській мові відношення між словами виражаються за допомогою відмінкових закінчень або відмінкових закінчень у сполученні з прийменниками.

На відміну від української мови, прийменник в англійській мові може стояти не лише перед словом, до якого відноситься, а й у кінці речення або інфінітивного звороту:

А) прийменник звичайно ставиться в кінці прямих і непрямих запитань, якщо він відноситься до займенників who (whom), what, which або до прислівника where:

What are they talking about?

Про що вони розмовляють?

You don’t know what you are talking about.

Ви не знаєте, про що ви говорите.

Якщо займенник відноситься до займенників whom, what, which, він може стояти перед ними: About what are you talking? You dont know about what you are talking, але варіант з прийменником у кінці більш уживаний, особливо в усному мовленні. Перед who прийменники не вживаються, отже, якщо замість whom вжито who, прийменник ставиться тільки в кінці речення:

I want to see who it belongs to. (Hemingway)

Я хочу побачити, кому воно належить.

Б) Прийменник здебільшого ставиться в кінці означальних підрядних речень, якщо він відноситься до сполучних займенників whom і which:



The poem which you are talking about was written in the war years.

Вірш, про який ви говорите, був написаний у роки війни.

Вживання прийменника перед сполучними займенниками тут також можливе: The poem about which you are talking… Але якщо не вжито сполучний займенник, прийменник може стояти лише в кінці підрядного означального речення:



He is not the man I am looking for.

Він не той, кого я шукаю.

В) прийменник ставиться кінці речення з дієсловом-присудком в пасивному стані, якщо підмет відповідає прийменниковому додатку відповідної активної конструкції:



This fellow is very much talked about. (Dreiser)

Про цього хлопця дуже багато говорять.

Г) прийменник ставиться в кінці інфінітивного звороту, вжитого у функції означення:



I’ll give you the money to go back with. (Dreiser)

Я дам вам грошей на дорогу назад.

І в українській, і в англійській мові прийменники, як правило, багатозначні, внаслідок чого одному й тому ж прийменнику англійської мови відповідає кілька українських прийменників, а один і той же український прийменник у різних контекстах перекладається різними англійськими прийменниками.

Так, англійський прийменник on може відповідати українським прийменникам на, у(в), з, про, від та ін.:

The plate is on the table.

Тарілка на столі.

He was here on Monday.

Він був тут у понеділок.

A lecture on physics.

Лекція з фізики.

A lecture on Shakespeare.

Лекція про Шекспіра.

It depends on you.

Це залежить від тебе.

З другого боку, український прийменник на може перекладатися англійськими прийменниками on, in, at, into, for та ін.:



Карта на стіні.

The map is on the wall.

Я зустрів його на вулиці.

I met him in the street.

Ми дивилися на нього.

We were looking at him.

Я чекаю на неї.

I am waiting for her.

Часто дієслово в англійській мові вимагає додатка з прийменником, а відповідне йому українське дієслово вживається з безприйменниковим додатком і, навпаки, прямому додатку англійської мови в українській мові відповідає додаток з прийменником:



We were listening to music.

Ми слухали музику.

He answered the question.

Він відповів на запитання.



THE PREPOSITION

TEST 19

1. He was very fond ___ his sister and meant always to take care ___ her. She was glad ___ his company too.

A) Of, of, with

B) For, for, of

C) Of, of, of

D) With, for, for



He was very kind ___ me, and took a great deal of notice ___ me, and paid a good deal of attention ___ me and at last he proposed ___ me.

  1. To, of, to, to

  2. Of, for, for, at

  3. Towards, to, to, ___

  4. Of, with, towards, for

3. A little house stood ___ the corner of the street. ___ a distance it seemed white and pink because ___ the bushes of roses surrounding it.

  1. At, in, ___

  2. On, on, from,

  3. At, at, of

  4. In, from, ___

4. A mountain river rushed ___ the bottom of the valley and the whistling of a train was heard ___ the far distance.

  1. At, in

  2. On, at

  3. In, from

  4. Under, for

5. Four cottages with cheerful green and white windows stood ___ an open place ___ the big trees.

  1. At, between

  2. In, among

  3. At, beneath

  4. On, under

6. I am glad I’ve explained ___ you reasons ___ changing and hope you are not angry ___ me any longer.

  1. ___, of, with

  2. To, for, with

  3. For, for, to

  4. ___, of, ___

7. They decided to go ___ their car, and I was looking ___ our trip ___ all my heart.

  1. By, upon, by

  2. In, forward, with

  3. Into, to, at

  4. In, forward to, with

8. She smiled ___ me and said, “I don’t mind ___ organizing the party if he has no objects ___ giving it.”

  1. At, to, ___

  2. At, ___, to

  3. For, from, upon

  4. At, ___, for

9. Mary shook hands ___ a tall man sitting ___ the chair ___ the piano and introduced him ___ me.

  1. With, on, beside, to

  2. To, in, at, for

  3. For, into, near, ___

  4. With, in, at, for

10. ___ my opinion, he was always a little ahead ___ me. But he was a snob: he was always interested ___, and envious ___ those who had some sort of social position.

  1. From, of, ___, for

  2. In, of, in, of

  3. On, from, in, ___

  4. For, for, of, to

11. They met ___ the British Museum and soon were engaged ___ examining its intensive collections; they had often visited the Museum, but that did not prevent them ___ being surprised ___ the richness of the Egyptian collection.

  1. In, ___, ___, by

  2. At, in, from, at

  3. Near, by, from, with

  4. Close to, on, ___ in

12. ___ the whole, he never said much to me, but he was never harsh ___ me. I don’t remember his ever shouting ___ me.

  1. For, at, to

  2. In, to, at

  3. On, with, at

  4. On, by, ___

13. He glanced ___ Mrs. Fang again. At that moment the old lady picked ___ her spoon again and helped herself ___ the cherry jam.

  1. On, ___, with

  2. To, up, by

  3. At, ___, ___

  4. At, up, to

14. He explained ___ me that a great deal might depend ___ my being able to answer ___ a few questions that I maybe was not used ___ answering.

  1. To, upon, to, ___

  2. ___, on, ___, for

  3. To, on, ___, to

  4. For, of, for, to

15. The Minister in charge ___ medical research, in reply ___ questions, said, “We do not know the cause ___ this new illness. We must find a way ___ curing it, and there is a need ___ research. We must act ___ a hurry. This is an international problem, and we cannot act ___ ourselves.”

  1. For, to, of, for, for, in, by

  2. Of, to, of, of, for, in, by

  3. Over, of, of, to, for, in, by

  4. Of, to, of, for, in, at, with

16. He possessed a profound understanding of human nature that was matched ___ a brilliant technique – not only ___ painting but also ___ drawing.

  1. With, with, with

  2. By, by, by

  3. With, in, in

  4. By, with, in

17. His work made the enormous impact ___ his contemporaries and influenced ___ the style of many later artists.

  1. On, on

  2. By, ___

  3. On, ___

  4. With, on

18.Ireland is famous ___ its contributions ___ world literature.

  1. For, in

  2. Of, of

  3. For, to

  4. As, for

  1. The prime is appointed by the president ___ nomination by the lower house. The government is responsible ___ the lower house of the national legislature.

  1. After, to

  2. With, for

  3. On, for

  4. Before, before

THE PREPOSITION

TEST 20

1. He knew Don Rodrigo only ___ sight and reputation, and had never had anything to do ___ him, beyond bowing his head ___ the few occasions when he had met him.



  1. On, by, with, in

  2. By, on, about, on

  3. By, by, with, on

  4. In, on, ___, with

2. It is so overwhelming that it can leave virtually every body system ___ a state of collapse, and so ferocious that a patient can be dead ___ minutes despite ___ the best medical treatment.

  1. In, in, of

  2. In, in, ___

  3. With, through, of

  4. By, via, ___

3. The Demand ___ passage was so great that old and undersized ships were pressed ___ service.

  1. Of, in

  2. On, on

  3. For, onto

  4. For, into

4. She went and stood ___ him and watched ___ him a few moments ___ her cold way.

  1. Near, for, with

  2. About, ___, by

  3. Close to, with, in

  4. Beside, ___, in

5. Though the air was smoky ___ forest fires; in spite ___ considerable rainy weather ___ late, I tried some photographic work.

  1. Form, ___, ___

  2. Form, of, of

  3. Of, ___, for

  4. With, of, ___

6. The streamer arrived ___ Thunder Bay early ___ the morning, and so ended the first half of our journey from Toronto to Fort Garry; ___ rail ninety-four miles, ___ steamboat five hundred and thirty miles.

  1. In, in, by, on

  2. Tom in, by, by

  3. At, in, by, by

  4. To, ___, on, on

7. He took no notice ___ her, and so at last she spoke ___ him ___ her friendly manner.

  1. For, with, with

  2. Of, to, in

  3. Form, with, by

  4. Of, with, with

8. According ___ the National Golf Foundation, which keeps statistics ___ courses and players, more, more than one ___ ten Americans now play the game.

  1. To, on, of

  2. With, about, of

  3. To, in, for

  4. With, for, among

9. Seven ___ our United States are vitally interested ___ the great Colorado River which has a length of more than 1,700 miles and the phenomenal fall of 10,000 feet ___ its head waters in the Rocky Mountains and its mouth in the Gulf of California.

  1. From, in, among

  2. Of, in, between

  3. In, with, among

  4. ___, by, between

10. She was named ___ her grandmother.

  1. To

  2. With

  3. For

  4. From

11. Let us appeal ___ reason. These facts speak in favour ___ his being innocence.

  1. For, of

  2. To, of

  3. With, for

  4. For, for

12. ___ the 1960s the economy has been chronically depressed due ___ declining fish stocks and slackened world demand ___ their products.

  1. For, ___, for

  2. Since, with, of

  3. From, to, of

  4. Since, to, for

13.The development of machinery ___ paper high-speed production and been largely responsible ___ the increase ___ literacy and the raising of educational levels of people ___ the world.

  1. For, for, in, throughout

  2. To, for, of, in

  3. Of, of, of, in

  4. For, of, in, throughout

14. Why couldn’t she have them ___ friends ___ than the silly boys she danced with and who came ___ Sunday night supper?

  1. As, ___, on

  2. For, rather, to

  3. ___, more, for

  4. By, rather, by

15. They would get ___ much better ___ people like these.

  1. For, by

  2. Over, with

  3. On, with

  4. Off, by

16. She loved giving orders ___ the servants, and they loved ___ obeying her.

  1. ___, ___

  2. To, ___

  3. ___, to

  4. To, to

17. Labrador is almost completely unsuitable ___ agriculture, and ___ the island of Newfoundland the poor soil and a short growing season prevent ___ raising most of crops.

  1. For, in, ___

  2. For, on, from

  3. To, on, ___

  4. To, in, form

18. Farming is ___ only minor importance ___ the provincial economy.

  1. ___, for

  2. Of, from

  3. Of, in

  4. For, in

19. ___ the end of the 19th century ___ particular, the Western humanities and natural sciences split ___ various disciplines.

  1. In, in, in

  2. At, at, at

  3. At, in, into

  4. In, for, into

Writing

6 Написання біографії

Відомий літературний журнал збирається публікувати спецвипуск, присвячений письменникам ХХ ст. Вас попросили написати біографію відомого письменника для цього спецвипуску. Використайте надану інформацію про життя Толкіена, щоб написати його біографію.



John Ronald Reuel Tolkien

  • (1892 - 1973)

  • famous books, TheHobbit and The Lord of the Rings

  • born in South Africa

  • family moved to England in 1896

  • grew up in Birmingham

  • studied English Language and Literature at Oxford University

  • worked on the Oxford English Dictionary

  • became a professor at Oxford University

  • published first book TheHobbit in 1937

  • published The Lord of the Rings between 1954 and 1955

  • son Christopher published Tolkien's other works after his father died

  • creator of a magical world in TheHobbit and The Lord of the Rings


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